Swedish railway policy. A critical study / Bruzelius, Nils ; Jensen, Arne ; Sjöstedt, LarsLanguage: English Series: Institutionen för Transportteknik.. Meddelande 78Publisher: Göteborg : Chalmers tekniska högskola, 1994Description: 186 sISSN: 0283-4421Subject(s): järnvägar | Banverket | SJ | transportpolitik | avreglering | järnvägspolitik
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The Swedish railway system is subject to radical restructuring. By broad political consent railway traffic is remodelled in a way that is unmatched anywhere in the world. Current policy is marketed under the name: "The Swedish railway transport model".The Swedish model is introduced in two stages. The process of change was initiated in 1988 as the operation of rail traffic was separated from activities related to the permanent way by splitting the former Swedish State Railways (SJ) into two new units: the "new" SJ and the Swedish National Rail Administration (BV). In 1992 the Swedish Government signalized its intention to completely deregulate the rail sector. There was strong commitment to stepwise eliminate the existing operating monopoly of SJ to allow free access to the track by 1 January 1995.The political debate that followed prompted the authors of this book to jointly scrutinize Swedish rail policy. Together we represent three universities and three scientific perspectives - systems analysis, business administration and micro economics. Our work resulted in a book, which was published by the Swedish Center for Business and Policy Studies in late 1993.The book raised considerable interest which inspired us to translate it into English. We want to thank Per Restadh for his dedication in performing the translation for us and also the Swedish association Future Rail Traffic (FJT) for their willingness to finance this edition of the book and the Swedish Center for Business and Policy Studies for permission to publish it in this form.In spite of the criticism substantiated in this book and by other parties the Swedish Government proposed to the Parliament to pursue the deregulation plan. In June 1994 the Parliament voted with smallest possible majority for deregulation of rail traffic to take effect from 1 January 1995. A new administration will be created with authority to assure competitive neutrality in the rail market. In its details the reform in many ways reflects a compromize. Although the operating monopoly of SJ will disappear, procedures will be created to retain, when appropriate, economies of scale, i.e. through possibilities to limit competition in specific cases. The common services, such as traffic control, that are provided by SJ today will remain there. These services must, however, be made available to all operators on a non-discriminatory basis.